A beautiful smile is a visiting card of a person, a value recognized all over the world. Today, thanks to new technologies in dental prosthetics, everyone can smile broadly, being confident in the aesthetics of the oral cavity. They were replaced by functional, natural, safe artificial structures.
Features and benefits of modern technologies of dental prosthetics
Innovations relate primarily to prosthetic procedures. Previously, patients put off going to the doctor for a long time, because they knew that they would have to experience discomfort and endure pain for a long time. Today, prosthetics is an absolutely painless procedure, because:
new developments in anesthesiology have appeared;
the process of anesthesia has become more perfect;
anesthetics that are safe even for children and pregnant women have been developed.
Another breakthrough in the development of orthopedic dentistry is the possibility of carrying out the prosthetic procedure unnoticed by others. For the period of making a permanent prosthesis, a temporary structure is installed for patients, so there are no complexes, discomfort.
Types of prosthetics in modern dentistry
The basis for the classification of types of prosthetics is the place of installation of artificial structures.
Restoration of the dentition of the upper jaw. If necessary, after the extraction of teeth and before the start of prosthetics, a sinus lift can be performed. The essence of the manipulation is raising the bottom of the maxillary sinus and filling the resulting place with bone tissue. Additional bone tissue is needed as a basis for a stronger fixation of artificial titanium pins. Pins – the basis for implants or a place to support bridges.
Prosthetics of the teeth of the chewing department. Metal-ceramic, durable and aesthetic, is used as a material for the manufacture of prostheses.
Prosthetics of the anterior teeth. This is the part of the dentition that is exposed when smiling and talking, so the key focus is on the natural look of the dentures. The main material for prosthetics of this type is metal-free ceramics.
Materials for prosthetics
The rapid development of modern technologies of dental prosthetics is also due to the emergence of innovative materials. Orthopedic dentistry puts forward the following requirements for them:
biological compatibility with oral tissues;
resistance to saliva and food;
maximum proximity of strength, elasticity, elasticity to the characteristics of natural teeth tissues;
inability to cause allergic reactions and change taste sensations;
no specific odor.
The materials used in prosthetics meet the listed criteria to one degree or another, so the prostheses have different costs and consumer characteristics.
Most of all, ceramics meets the existing requirements, from which almost all types of fixed prostheses are made. To solve the problem of high loads, ceramic crowns began to be made on a metal basis. But such designs are not suitable for people with allergies to metals, and this, according to statistics, is 20% of patients.
An innovation in fixed prosthetics was the emergence of metal-free ceramics based on zirconium dioxide. The material is used for prosthetics of chewing and anterior teeth; it is durable, safe, and flawless in terms of aesthetic qualities. The main limitation in use is the high cost of zirconia prostheses.
Innovative developments and methods
Computer technology has not bypassed orthopedic dentistry. Today, all stages of manufacturing dentures are almost completely automated.
The main developments used in the network of our clinics:
3D design is the process of creating an exact copy of a model of a future artificial structure using computer programs. The software allows taking into account the individual characteristics of patients in the process of creating a model.
Production of prostheses from chicory dioxide using CAD/CAM systems. The use of computer-aided design and pre-production with the help of computer technology allows specialists to see the model in several projections, make adjustments at any stage, and create super-complex profiles.
Software complexes for diagnosing the condition of the oral cavity of patients, determining the degree of readiness for prosthetics, for example, Caixa, BioPak.
Dental 3D tomography is a device for examining the maxillofacial region, which provides accurate three-dimensional images with minimal radiation exposure.
The listed innovations and high-precision equipment make it possible to create dentures, which not even every specialist can visually distinguish from real teeth.
The advanced technology of prosthetics is implantation – a method of restoring the dentition based on the implantation of titanium pins into the bone tissue. Pins can serve as a base for single crowns or volumetric artificial structures.
The development of new prosthetic technologies does not stop. Every day, new, more promising and financially affordable opportunities open up for patients. Contacting our clinic is a guarantee of applying innovations and advanced methods of prosthetics for the benefit of your health.