What is digitalization and what areas of life it will affect

At the end of the 90s of the XX century, the world began to talk about IoT technologies and the digital economy, while in Russia at that time the first mobile phones had just begun to appear. More than 20 years have passed since then, and the Internet of Things has become a familiar phenomenon for us: almost everyone has smart devices at home, of which there are already more than 26 billion units worldwide, and almost 20 million SIM cards were purchased from us in the last year alone.

Why doesn’t it work globally in Russia? There is one small nuance: in order to digitalize the entire country, you first need to electrify it all. For example, many people find it difficult to explain what is the advantage of a smart refrigerator, which checks the freshness of food itself and, if necessary, orders new ones. Especially if these people store all the products in the cellar and burn the kerosene stove. Modern technologies are simply not clear to them.

If we cannot talk about the global digitalization of the country, then why do we use the expression “the era of changes has come”? The changes are really coming. Smart household appliances take care of themselves, information is disclosed, production processes are controlled by machine vision, robots replace a person in harmful work. But all this works only if you live in large cities of Russia, where at least there is electricity and a cell tower. The era of change is taking place within large cities and industrial centers. And then, as usual, everything is complicated.

What is it and why?

Global digitalization sounds impressive. Let’s tell in simple words what it is and why is it good for everyone?

Digitalization makes all these processes easier.

Where digitalization is being applied right now:

at home;
in production;
at work;
in government agencies;
in business.

A special sensor monitors whether there are strangers in the apartment, and if they are detected, it signals the attendant to the control panel. There are also more sophisticated systems that block exits from the premises in the event of an intrusion.

Industrial digitalization deals with the reduction of monotonous physical labor for a person, organizes and monitors labor and production processes and ensures the safety of company employees.  This “smart” video analytics system noticed that an employee entered the shop without a helmet, gave a signal and saved a person’s life.

The state is introducing digitalization into all its verticals. The data analysis system has long been effectively used in the executive branch. A vivid example is the search for criminals using online cameras on the streets or the ability to send an appeal to the necessary authorities on the Internet. One of the main achievements of the digitalization of the state is the reduction in the amount of paperwork and bureaucracy in the paperwork. Certificates and passports can be ordered through the application, and all data can be stored and updated there.

The only danger of digitalization is the decrease in the importance of humans in many processes and the probable disappearance in the future of entire professions that robots will better cope with.

The concepts of digitalization and automation are often confused. Some are sure that if the office has computers with Internet access, then the enterprise can already be called digital in a sense. Only the PC and the Internet are just tools that allow you to simplify and even automate some processes, but they in no way lead to digital transformation.

. Automation improves production, however, it preserves the way of doing business in the enterprise, and with digital transformation, the product itself changes, the relationship between the client and suppliers, and the positioning of the company itself are transformed. It is a holistic approach to using digital assets in the enterprise.

Consider a couple of examples of automation and digitalization:

Automation in the educational environment involves the use of digital textbooks, video tutorials and other tools that simplify the educational process. Digitalization, on the other hand, implies the construction of a new interactive educational system with feedback, when a person has the opportunity to choose the pace and program of his studies in accordance with the availability of free time and the initial level.
Factory automation can include electronic timesheets instead of traditional paper logs. During the digital transformation of the access system, RFID tags are used, which are sewn into the form or pass. The employee will not need to mark the time or sign somewhere – the smart system will do everything on its own.