It is impossible to stop progress – despite the pandemic and the next world crisis caused by it, science and technology are moving forward. In Russia, the technological sphere is also interesting because the state plays an especially important role in it – in fact, acting as a locomotive in the development of digital services for citizens and businesses. We figured out what new things the state and private companies have prepared for Russians, and what trends will determine the development of technologies in 2021.
What has prepared the state
The digitalization trend in Russia has traditionally been supported by the state – starting with the transfer of state services to electronic form, and continuing with an almost complete transition to the online of the entire tax system, in 2021 the state will add even more zeros and ones to its arsenal. And not the least role in this is played by the former head of the Federal Tax Service Mikhail Misusing, who headed the Russian government at the beginning of the year.
Of course, the tax authorities remain the leader in digital innovation. So, in the middle of 2020, it was planned to launch the “USN-online” mode, the idea of which is quite simple and logical: if all trade entrepreneurs use online cash registers, why make them report to the Federal Tax Service again? Such individual entrepreneurs (working on the simplified tax system with the object of taxation “Income”) were planned to be exempted from reporting altogether, and taxes for them were calculated automatically (as 6% of what goes through online cash registers).
Apparently, the plans were hampered by the coronavirus pandemic – if such individual entrepreneurs were released from reporting, then the new regime has not yet been introduced. And already in 2021, the FTS decided to abandon the idea of USN-online, promising in 2021 to come up with (together with the business) something new.
Another interesting novelty is that using the same data from online cash registers, Ross tat will calculate the inflation index. Now the statistical department conducts periodic monitoring of prices for consumer goods, but already in 2021, this will use data on sales from CCP in all retail outlets in Russia. And instead of about a thousand Ross tat employees collecting this data manually, everything will be aggregated and calculated automatically.
But much more serious work was done by the developers of the State Services portal. Back in 2019, they announced the launch of a number of super services. It is an amalgamation of several electronic government services that should help citizens in the most common situations in life. And part of the entire list of super services is already working or will be launched in 2021:
admission to a university online – partly worked already this year, in 2021 at least 135 universities will be connected there. For admission, it will be enough to have an account in the State Services, and you will no longer have to go to the admissions office of each university. True, it is not known whether an electronic signature will be required – this year it was needed to submit documents online;
registration of the Euro protocol in case of an accident online – formally started working already in November 2020. Now, if 2 cars get into an accident, one of the participants can, through a special application, issue an online Euro-protocol by logging in through the State Services. That is, almost all actions are automated – then the injured party can only apply for insurance;
enforcement proceedings online – it is promised to start in 2021. Now it is very difficult to get through to the FSSP, since there are few bailiffs, and they have a lot of work. The new super service will allow the exchange of electronic documents and requests with the FSSP; in the future, a platform for legal entities will also be “tied” to the service. True, there will be no more bailiffs, and the problems with collection are rather systemic in nature;
My health – this will be a kind of medical marketplace where you can make an appointment with any doctor, as well as get data from your electronic medical record. It is planned that the service will also have a purely medical component, like a self-observation diary.
In general, the fight against poverty is a key trend in national projects calculated until 2024, but this year it has been overshadowed by the fight against coronavirus. Nevertheless, automation in the social sphere continues – for example, at the end of this year, Russians can find out in the State Services what benefits and benefits they are entitled to.
But the government went even further, and decided to determine who needs help even without statements. It is not yet clear how exactly this will work, but a pilot project to proactively support the poor is promised to be launched by the end of this year. At the same time, social protection authorities can already exchange information with other departments – for example, request data on family income directly from the Federal Tax Service, and data on family composition – from the registry office.
Finally, in 2021, Russian business is waiting for an innovation from the Central Bank (and this is not a digital ruble) – they promise to launch transfers between legal entities in the Fast Payments System (FPS). Already now, through the UBS, you can pay for goods via QR codes, and in the future, b2b transfers will also be launched. SBP differs from regular interbank payments by a much lower transfer fees.