5G: why hasn’t Russia “mastered” the technology the whole world is striving for?

In the modern world, the telecommunications industry is on the verge of introducing a new, fifth generation of mobile communications, which will undoubtedly become the basis for the infrastructure of the digital economy. 5G technology, its prospects and issues are widely discussed by experts, specialized regulators and equipment manufacturers. The greatest attention is paid to the issues of the influence of the new generation of communications on the introduction of digital technologies, ways of developing network infrastructure and optimal policies of government regulation, as well as assessing the required volume of investments for the implementation of 5G.

5G – a platform for the development of new technologies

5G is a next generation wireless networking technology.  Until now, wireless networks have been mainly used by mobile devices outside the home when there is no Wi-Fi connection.

The wireless network is one of the largest technological platforms in the modern world, which has evolved from point-to-point analogue services, which were used by 11 million subscribers in 1990, to an integrated technological ecosystem supporting more than 7.7 billion connections, including the mass consumer segment. , business subscribers and a range of different connected devices (IoT).

With the advancement of several generations of technology, the 5G standard is expected to provide significant speed improvements, reduced latency / buffering, and increased stability. 5G capabilities

However, the industry is looking for ways to capitalize on the real possibilities of the 5G standard, and it is bound to face some challenges.  Other pressing challenges include: the need to reduce the cost of mobile broadband while expanding the capabilities of providers; the need to optimize customer service and create self-service capabilities; the need for network operators to obtain a sufficient level of return on investment, in addition to access charges. Providers will have to take a different look at developing new products for more effective monetization.

In order to successfully capitalize on the 5G standard in the short term, companies need to keep in mind several key characteristics in consumer behavior:

To implement 5G networks, it is necessary to solve the following issues:

assessment of the impact of 5G implementation on the economy and capital investments of industry players – will operators be able to ensure the development of networks that will become the infrastructure for the development of the digital economy;
selection of optimal models and industry policies for the development of fifth generation networks – will the existing competitive model of infrastructure development by several mobile operators be effective, how operators will develop their networks, and how the regulator can facilitate the rapid and

The development of cellular communications over the past decades has been rapid. The market did not have time to get used to the 3G standard when it was replaced by the new 4G format, which is now considered ubiquitous. However, progress does not stand still, and the process of transition of cellular networks to the new generation standard – 5G, is in full swing all over the world. Today we will talk about the origins of this standard, why it is rapidly gaining popularity and becoming more relevant.

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The first studies aimed at developing 5G began in 2008 in parallel in America, where NASA and M2Mi Corp were doing it jointly, in South Korea, where the state and the UK took over the patronage of the research. By 2012, there were more and more projects aimed at developing 5G technology: work on the new standard went from Beijing to London, from New York to Seoul. Particularly noteworthy in this regard are the UK Research Partnership Fund program, through which technology research was funded by Huawei, Samsung, Telefonica Europe, etc., as well as the European Union’s METIS and join EU initiatives.

The development breakthrough came in 2013 when Samsung announced that it had developed the world’s first 5G system. The characteristics were impressive: in testing, the Koreans managed to achieve speeds of 1.056 Gaps when transferring data over a distance of 2 kilometers. In the same year, Huawei announced that it plans to invest $ 600 million in the development of 5G networks. At the same time, Qualcomm has expressed its interest in the technology. In 2016, Huawei entered into an agreement with Megaton on the development of 5G networks in Russia, which gave rise to the development of technology in our country.

The next milestone in 5G development came in 2018, when Verizon first commercialized the technology, launching 5G networks in Houston, Los Angeles, Sacramento and Indianapolis. 2019 was also a successful year for the technology: South Korea announced that it is starting commercial use of 5G in the country, and China soon joined it.  In September 2019, the first pilot projects with 5G were launched in Russia, first on the basis of Skolkovo, and then on the basis of the Tele2 operator. By the end of 2019, China became the leader in the use of 5G in its territory, as it began to provide communication services using this standard in 50 cities.