What the world will be like in 2040: main trends

Information, technologies, forms of social interaction are transforming at a tremendous speed. The feeling of the fleetingness of time is rather subjective, but changes in the information technology sphere leave no doubt: the environment is really developing rapidly, acquiring new forms and providing more and more opportunities for the user, reports the Executive.ru portal.

Of course, for the generation born in the 21st century – the so-called “millennials” – the modern pace of life does not cause discomfort and even appeals to them. At the same time, older generations are forced to constantly adapt to changes and those conditions that are radically different from those of past decades.

Modern trends and already existing technologies can form the impression that a modern person, it would seem, has everything for a comfortable life and development. However, progress does not stand still. And our life is gradually filled with new concepts, for example, artificial intelligence, binary codes, robotization. They still look fantastic, but if you think about it and remember, then 25 years ago, the smartphones and tablets we are used to, also loomed beyond the brink of reality. And they were only mentioned in the novels of science fiction writers.

Therefore, the world will not stop there. And the reality that “millennials” know and love and to which their parents hardly get used to, will be replaced by a completely different one. Moreover, these changes will be radical. Scientific and technological progress will accelerate significantly, and the following trends will determine the situation on the planet.

Business: an important idea, not a production

We live in an era of industrial society when goods are produced in abundance. According to experts’ forecasts, by 2040 there will be a post-industrial era, in which much less of them will be produced. Even in China. Therefore, the hallmark of the business of the future will not be production, but the idea. Unique and able to bring more value to the customer’s life than an additional release of goods.

Acceleration, expressed in the increase in the speed of processes and services, will also be an important criterion for business. Completely new materials will appear. So, the scientific director of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Stephanie Tompkins believes that in the next 20 years people will learn how to create objects with unique characteristics – they will be characterized by low weight combined with great strength. As an example, she cites a skyscraper with the strength of steel and the lightness of carbon fiber. In addition, 3D printing will be a breakthrough in construction and manufacturing and will allow you to create any form that was previously unattainable. For example, engines are already printing on similar printers.

In this regard, the business will be significantly simplified, because there will be no need for huge production capacities and long manufacturing cycles for final products. The world of large production systems will be replaced by small local producers.

And here the least risks threaten countries that are developers of high technologies. These are the USA, Canada, Japan, Germany.

Countries that are far from advanced developments and innovations will suffer most from the abandonment of large and low-tech industries. These are states that are raw materials and agrarian, as well as those in the arsenal of which there are industrial enterprises that are living out their days. This list includes China, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, India, Greece, Turkey, Spain, Mexico, South American countries.

There is another risk. Countries that create advanced technologies will “break away” from other, less developed ones. And this is one of the weighty prerequisites for serious resistance at the level of technologies of previous eras from all others.

To assess the long-term prospects in various areas – economics, science, public life, technology – a special project tool is used to resolve the issues of the formation of future events. Such a tool is called foresight. Unlike forecasting, which describes the linear development of events, foresight allows you to see a complete “hologram” picture of the future. In addition, with the help of foresights, one can not only see long-term prospects, but also build a step-by-step roadmap leading from “today” to a distant “tomorrow”.

For example, many industry giants – Boeing, Shell, GE and others, already in the 1980s opened their own foresight divisions for long-term forecasting and designing the desired future. And after 2000, foresight technology has been used in almost all spheres of life – both industrial and public. There are many foresight companies now, both abroad and in Russia. Some of the most famous teams are the Global Business Network and the Fast Foresight Smart Partnership.

As examples of foresights, one can cite a foreign project called Vision 2050, within which world corporations have united. As for Russian projects, the following are the most famous foresights:

Complex foresight “Foresight-2050. The future has begun. ” (University “Synergy”).

Industry foresight “Education 2030” (“Met aver” group together with a number of other organizations).
Based on the results of the foresights carried out, the following trends were revealed:

Combining work and creativity will be normal and natural. Best of all, people succeed in the work that is a favorite hobby and is done with pleasure. In addition, this approach stimulates growth and the desire to develop further in the selected area.
The value of education will increase. Accordingly, the knowledge and skills acquired in their field will encourage people to share this experience with others.
An individual approach and good communication with the end consumer is another feature of the business of the future. Media technologies will allow taking into account the needs of each client and, taking this into account, form personal offers.
Of course, the monitoring of Internet resources is already underway. And not only for closer contact with the consumer. And also for predicting events in which users can be involved. Thus, a specialist in the field of computer technologies, the creator of the Recording Future service, Dr. Christopher Dahlberg, said that his system scans about 250,000 sources per hour, effectively measuring