Vocabulary of a Coming Era, Part 1

Avatar

Let’s start with Cameron’s film of the same name. There the main character lies in the laboratory, and the blue creature controlled by him jumps and runs through the jungle of the planet Pandora. It’s all fantastic. But in reality, scientists and engineers are trying to create an artificial body that the operator would control from a distance.

For example, NASA is going to send a robot to the moon in the near future, which will be manipulated by a group of scientists. It’s much cheaper and easier than sending a person there.

DARPA, the American agency for the development of advanced military technologies, also does not stand aside. They have a project called Avatar. There will be everything like in a Hollywood movie: a humanoid robot fights on the battlefield, and a soldier hiding in a bunker controls it using a brain-computer interface.

In Russia, the most famous project for creating an avatar, put forward by businessman Dmitry Isakov, the founder of the public movement “Russia 2045”. Its goal is to create a full-fledged artificial body for a person by 2045, which does not age, does not need food and rest, home and transport.

The first generation avatar should become a fashionable gadget with which it will be possible to go to the office and hold business meetings on another continent, climb Everest or descend into the Mariana Trench. For the second generation avatar, the task is much more serious: it will be possible to transfer a person’s brain into a cybernetic body when his body becomes old and becomes unusable.

 

Press release of the future: “The Collegium of the Ministry of Internal Affairs adopted a resolution to replace 50% of the staff of the patrol and guard service with domestically produced avatars. An experiment carried out in a number of regions has shown the high efficiency of using this technology. ”

Autonomous transport

Very soon robots will calmly ride along the city streets. We are talking about vehicles that can move without a driver – using optical sensors, radar and a computer program.

Cars are winning back autonomy from the driver step by step: parking autopilot, cruise control, the ability to warn the driver of danger have already become the norm. The mass production of fully autonomous cars is expected sometime around 2020, while Tesla, General Motors, Volkswagen, Toyota and other auto giants are actively developing them. But ahead of all, of course, Google.

A dozen unmanned Toyota Prius, brought to an independent mind in secret Google laboratories, have already driven over 140 thousand miles in recent years. One of the cars belongs to a blind Google employee who drives a car using voice commands. In the near future, the company plans to produce its own car.

Among the advantages of autonomous transport are fuel and time savings, but the main thing, of course, is safety. According to The Economist magazine, 90% of road traffic accidents are due to human error. And the only accident involving a drone car happened when it was standing at a traffic light and a human-driven car drove into it.

Sauterne

Outernet is a free and free Wi-Fi network that covers the entire planet. It will be powered by several hundred tiny CubeSats in low Earth orbit.

The Internet is a project of the Media Development Investment Fund (MDIF), created to support independent media in countries where they are suppressed by the state. It is clear that the states themselves will not like this project, and the next stage of the war for freedom of access to information awaits us.

 

Flyers of the future: “Citizens! The bloody regime stifles freedom of speech in our great country. The voice of truth can be heard only on our web site! ”

Bioinformatics

Biologists were once associated with a butterfly net. Then pipettes and test tubes became their main tools. Now biological science is increasingly adopting computer algorithms.

Bioinformatics is the science that studies how information is transmitted and processed in and between living cells.

In the not too distant future, genetic tests will become much more important than psychological tests, and your medical record will begin with a map of your genome. Moreover, if we can understand the principles of genetic programs, we will be able to manage these programs ourselves.

The word “programming” will refer not only to computers, but also to living things: we will be able to customize and create the microbes, plants and animals we need, supplement the “operating system” of a living organism with useful “applications”, and we will be able to change our own programs.

Bioprinting

Nobody is surprised by 3D printers that can print any object. Soon they will be standing in almost every home next to a microwave oven and a washing machine. The next step is 3D printing of human tissues and organs.

The first bioprinters have already appeared that print fabrics on bio-paper, in cartridges they have living cells instead of ink. True, printing an organ is only half the battle: the cells still have to grow together and work as a whole. Until they really learned how to do this, just as they did not learn how to print an organ along with a network of nerves and blood vessels that penetrates it. But experts are full of optimism, according to their estimates, in a couple of decades, instead of worn-out organs, we will be able to easily and quickly print new ones.

Meanwhile, the first bioprinting laboratory, 3D Bioprinting Solutions, was opened in Moscow. Its creators claim that they have developed a technology that is an order of magnitude cheaper than Western counterparts.

 

Advertising of the future: “Our clinic is equipped with the latest generation of bioprinters. The most important organs in your body can be printed in less than a week. “