New mobile technologies will become the basis of the virtual world
Cellular networks are rapidly getting smarter – in the near future, a digital copy of the real world will be created on their basis, where physical objects interact with each other and virtual reality as a whole. Literally everything will be connected to the networks – digitalization of all industries will take place and services for business and personal everyday needs will appear, which now seem to be fantastic.
Digital copy of the physical world
This year’s events have shown the importance of digital technology and communication networks, and it is clear that over time, their importance will only grow. This will lead to the fact that physical and digital realities will gradually become more and more intertwined with each other: cyber-physical systems will appear that connect people and physical objects (cars and any other objects) using networks and computer computing. Each object around us will have its own digital copy, with the help of which it will be connected with the virtual world. At the same time, cyber-physical systems will monitor and control the use of any devices in order to make their use as efficient and safe as possible.
To create a digital copy of any thing, you need data – it can be obtained using communication networks and sensors. In order for physical objects to correctly interact with the digital world and each other, it will be necessary to constantly process information coming from different sources. For example, by connecting data from networks with data from video surveillance cameras and inertial measuring units (usually gyroscopes and accelerometers), it will be possible to accurately determine the location of any object in space.
Machines get smarter when connected to the network
Machines will become more and more autonomous and acquire more and more cognitive functions. Over time, they will all become part of a single cognitive system, thanks to which they will be able to better recognize the world around them and interact with each other. Smart cars will be able to use sensors to assess the environment and adapt to what is happening around them when making decisions in the event of uncertainty or choice. In such machines, there will be three main subsystems: sensors that read information, actuators responsible for setting mechanisms in motion, and controllers that control actuators. Examples of smart machines are industrial robots, voice recognition or synthesizing devices, and autonomous vehicles. These smart machines will be controlled by expert artificial intelligence systems.
The cellular network will become the platform on the basis of which an automated environment will be created that connects smart machines – thus, autonomous vehicles and robots will be able to participate in communications through the exchange of data. To communicate with machines, new video compression and processing technologies will be required, since the video codecs currently used are optimized for the perception of information by humans, and machine perception is different from human perception.
They formulate hypotheses and build sound reasoning, make recommendations and take action, and they will also adapt and cope with unpredictable situations. The networks of the future will be able to provide machines with everything they need – perception, the ability to accurately determine the location and use computing power.
Internet of senses
In communication networks, data will be transmitted from a variety of sensors that collect video, sound information and tactile sensations. This is how the Internet of feelings will be formed – people will have the opportunity of sensory perception at a distance. The Internet of the senses will be responsible for the smooth interaction of people with things and machines at a distance – this will make possible full-fledged medical checks at a distance, holographic communications and even a vacation in virtual reality. In addition, the internet of the senses will have a positive impact on the environment as the need for travel will decrease.
In the coming years, a breakthrough is expected in the development of sensors and actuators responsible for the transmission of smell and tactile sensations. With the use of sophisticated tactile devices, during any operations at a distance, virtual objects will be perceived exactly as real. And with the advent of 3D displays of the light field, the need for augmented reality glasses for holographic communications will disappear.
Thanks to technologies that improve the capabilities of the human body, people will become smarter, stronger and more capable. There will be contact lenses for accurate perception of augmented reality, headphones that automatically translate speech from different languages, as well as exoskeletons that increase the physical strength of a person. The interfaces that connect the brain to the computer will allow you to communicate with machines with the power of thought.
The backbone of the Internet of Things will be a data network with support for new technologies such as distributed computing, high-precision positioning, embedded sensing sensors and interfaces (API). They are needed to reserve bandwidth and latency, communicate network latency, and prioritize network segments.
Guaranteed network security
Already today, government agencies and large manufacturing companies are introducing advanced technologies that ensure the safety of critical processes, such as enterprise automation, remote control of assets, and others. A truly reliable network must meet the most stringent requirements and not only instantly transfer data, but also perform calculations, automatically setting the necessary parameters to protect data and secure connections. In addition, the network must be scalable and cost effective to operate. At the same time, reliability, availability and stability of connections must be ensured throughout the network as a whole, and not only in selected segments. Connecting devices and applications for different industries and / or clients creates so-called network slices, and secure identification / authentication is needed in each layer to protect connections and transmitted data. The use of Root-of-Trust (Root) technologies allows you to assign identifiers to each device and network layer.
A network acting as a platform must use secure computing to ensure the confidentiality of identity data and build trust between network users and devices. Likewise, security guarantees are provided for users and regulators. For the stable operation of all this, it is required to automate the process of assessing the reliability of all network elements, things, machines and applications, as well as computing resources and storage space are required – this can be done using remote attestation and the use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. AI technologies will be responsible for robust automated protection and manage the risks arising from the use of the network.