On the Threshold of Change: How will the technologies of the future change the world and people’s lives?

and for the past two and a half centuries, the world has gone through three industrial revolutions. Each of them radically changed society and people’s lives. During the first, factories appeared, creating a huge number of jobs. The second gave people electricity, comfort and mass flow production. The third – digital – opened the Internet to the world, and with it access to all available information. New changes await us now. What will they be? How to be prepared for them? The answer is in the joint project of Lenta.ru and Sberbank.

Following this, hard manual labor was almost universally replaced by machine labor. Steam engines appeared, and with them trains, which opened up to people previously unknown speeds of movement and changed the idea of ​​\ u200b \ u200bthe distance.

The second industrial revolution was even faster. She gave humanity a telegraph, a car and new spheres of production that no one could have thought of before: the electric power industry and the petrochemical industry.

The rapid development of society, economy and technology slowed down only in the period between the two world wars. During this time, the world has changed a lot: the Soviet Union arose in the place of the Russian Empire, and the United States experienced the Great Depression.

The third revolution began in the 1960s and was largely dictated by the need to restore, and at the same time reorganize the world after the bloody Second World War. New industries have emerged, the world has entered the era of atomic energy and space exploration. The development of these areas required complex calculations, which ultimately led to the emergence of personal computers. The threat of nuclear war, in turn, led to the creation of a decentralized communication system ARPANET, which later transformed into the Internet. Now the computer can fit in the palm of your hand, and people have access to the network from anywhere in the world.

The preconditions for the fourth industrial revolution began in the 1990s. So, back in the middle of the decade in Japan, augmented reality was used for quality control in the assembly line of cars for quality control. But before the full implementation of these technologies, there were several decades left.

The largest corporations are gradually transforming into IT companies in order to effectively solve the problems of the new era.

The Internet of Things and smart home technologies in the future will allow shifting routine worries to artificial intelligence and robots. A person has the opportunity to receive education in a convenient format and work from anywhere in the world. If necessary, human health will be under round-the-clock remote monitoring.

“With the help of the latest technologies, we strive to create around a person a very convenient system for providing a range of services necessary for life, for business, with minimal loss of time. A system where the client is the main person and the main conductor of this ecosystem. Your problem is our opportunity. If we see that you have a problem, then we are already thinking about how to solve it. At Sberbank, many are literally charged with this idea: to change themselves and change the world around them for the better, ”says Rafalovsky.

Artificial intelligence

The development of the Internet has already led to an avalanche increase in the amount of information. More than five billion people now have access to the Internet, and most of them use it to find information.

IDC estimates that from 2018 to 2025, human-generated data will grow from 33 zettabytes to 175 zettabytes (1 zettabyte equals 1 billion terabytes).

With so much content, the information you need is extremely difficult to find without algorithms that independently select the right content.

The most common example is recommender systems. For example, the online service “SberMarket” analyzes what the user has already added to the cart, evaluates his search queries and offers to add suitable products. Another example is social networks: Facebook’s algorithms know almost everything about users, which allows filling the news feed only with information that is interesting to a person.

Virtual assistants that respond to speech requests are gaining popularity. They also work on the basis of AI and can no longer only execute basic commands, but also become full-fledged assistants: they find answers to difficult questions, answer calls, check mail, communicate with couriers, book a table in a restaurant and buy movie tickets.

According to Denis Filippo, technology director of SberDevices, modern systems can provide a very high quality of speech recognition, not inferior to the level of a person, but many nuances still need to be taken into account:

For example, in Russian, the number of word forms is much greater than in English, and therefore the task of recognizing Russian speech is somewhat more difficult. Another important factor is the computational cost of speech recognition. Speech recognition on powerful server hardware is one thing, and on a regular mobile phone is another. But in general, with some reservations, we can say that now there are almost no speech recognition tasks in which machines would be inferior to humans. However, to achieve this result, significant efforts are often required to configure systems for the specifics of a specific task.

“At some point, an assistant can replace me in the digital world, become my trusted representative there. The most commonplace – he could answer most of the calls with advertisements, rake spam in the mail without my participation. And if we assume that I can endow this assistant with my own voice, then my digital twin will save me from a large amount of garbage information, bringing to me the squeeze based on the results of communication, ”Filippo said.