Standardize digital technologies

Participants of the third meeting of the Committee for Advanced Technologies of APKIT (supported by the Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation) discussed standardization in the field of advanced digital technologies.

The first foreign member of the committee, Nia Dongfeng, an expert on standardization and certification of the international alliance Open GCC, who develops standards for ARM architecture in China, shared his foreign experience in this area.

Nikolay Kolev, executive director of APKIT, summed up the results of the committee’s work in 2020. He urged the members of the Committee to more actively formulate proposals in the field of regulation in the ICT sphere, noting that the public sector listens to the opinion of the Association in the formation of the second package of support for the IT industry in Russia.

Nia Dongfeng briefed the meeting participants on the activities of the Open GCC alliance, and also spoke about the progress achieved in the development and evaluation of new technology standards. Open GCC was created in 2016 and has now formed a full-fledged ecosystem around the ARM architecture in China. It brings together various companies from all over the world: manufacturers of chips and hardware, software, systems integrators and end users. The Alliance’s primary task is to develop new standards in the field of equipment on the ARM architecture, create a platform for their testing and certification, as well as diversify the ecosystem.

The latest standards adopted by the Open GCC for ARM technologies are the Requirements for Trust Techniques for Green ARM Servers, the BMC Server Board Management Controller Specification, and the White Paper on the Security of Confidential Computing on ARM. -servers. In a conversation with the meeting participants, Nie Yongfeng suggested that the experience and methodology of Open GCC could be useful to Russian companies and organizations in the development of domestic standards.

Nikita Utkin, Chairman of Technical Committee 194 “Cyber-physical systems”, who interacts with both market participants and government agencies, spoke about the priority areas of work on standardization of digital technologies in the Russian Federation. He noted the recent strengthening of the link between the normative-technical and normative-legal spheres. “Now the standards are used in the implementation of state and municipal purchases, forming technology ecosystems around them and aggregating best practices. Among them, there are both documents in the field of certain digital technologies, including: Internet of Things (IoT), Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Sensor networks, Digital twins and others, as well as umbrella-type standards in the field of smart manufacturing and smart cities. Technical Committee 194 is also a co-author of more than a dozen developed international standards in the field of digital technologies, which ensures harmonization and synchronization of regulatory activities between the national and international levels, ”Nikolai Utkin said.

Noting the similarity of a significant part of the tasks in the areas of activity of the Committee for Advanced Technologies of APKIT and Technical Committee 194 “Cyber-physical systems”, Nikita Utkin emphasized that the latter is extremely interested in supporting the announced initiatives, and urged the meeting participants for closer cooperation in the field of digital technologies standardization.

During the meeting, an open discussion took place on the application of solutions based on the ARM architecture in Russia. Answering the question about the comparison of x86 and ARM processor architectures, the coordinator of the Committee Alexey Belogortsev and expert of Huawei on intelligent systems Nikita Solo dun noted the importance of exchanging information on application cases and conducting detailed comparative tests of x86 and ARM in practice.

Valery Cherepennikov, Director of the High Performance Computing Laboratory at the Huawei Russian Research Institute (RRI), noted the main distinguishing characteristics of ARM architectures, stressing that in the case of applications that integrate well with hardware, ARM can be seriously considered as an alternative to x86. In addition, he noted that ARM technologies are in many ways at the beginning of their development path. “Software, especially server software, for x86 has been developed and constantly optimized for it for about 30 years, while for ARM we are actually at the beginning of the road,” Cherepennikov said.

Discussing the issues of migration from x86 to ARM, Aleksey Belogortsev and Nikita Solo dun proposed to join efforts to prepare a certain software stack that could provide great benefits in the future. The experts noted the importance of developing a common ecosystem of computing technologies, where companies could develop their products directly on ARM or involve various developers in the so-called “recertification” of their software developments from one architecture to another.

In addition, the participants touched upon the issues of software compatibility on the ARM architecture when switching to products from another vendor. Valery Cherepennikov noted that despite the presence of different generations of ARM architecture and the presence of differences in construction, this issue is solved when choosing the right